If you are struggling with aches and pains, unable to move freely and missing out on doing the things you love, this blog will give you some expert advice and will answer a common question…
“What do you do when you pull a muscle?”
When you pull a muscle, the pain can range from mild, like a minor neck strain you get from turning your head the wrong way, to very severe, such as a lower back injury that leaves you unable to walk for days.
Just last week a gentleman walked into the clinic in agony.
He hobbled in, dragging his leg behind him barely able to walk, and asked this:
“What do you do when you pull a muscle?
I was playing a game of football with my nephew and as I kicked the ball, something went and I couldn’t move – and I can still barely walk!…
…What can I do to ease the pain quick?!”
This man was very frustrated. Every step he took made him scrunch his face in excruciating agony.
Many people know that that is like, possibly yourself.
Here is another example from a recent client that shared her experience. “I sneezed and pulled a muscle in my lower back. I was in so much pain and completely unable to walk; I had to use my office chair with wheels to support me to get me around the house.”
That’s right – She pulled a muscle from sneezing. She said her family were highly amused and she definitely wasn’t.
And as embarrassing as it was, putting her back ‘out’ from sneezing makes sense.
The sneeze forced a sudden, uncontrolled movement that her body simply wasn’t prepared for. And it’s this kind of sudden movement that often results in a pulled or strained muscle, because the body is forced into an action it’s not warmed up for.
Whiplash is a great example of this…
The sudden rapid back and forth movement of the neck causes strain to the neck muscles, leaving you feeling achy, and your neck too painful to turn properly.
And the same happened with this gentleman who walked into the clinic who strained his leg badly from playing football – his muscles weren’t prepared and warmed up properly, so the sudden quick movement of kicking a ball came as a shock to his body, straining a muscle in his leg.
What Are The Common Causes Of A Pulled Muscle?You don’t have to be a weightlifter, or be carrying anything heavy to pull a muscle…
Sneezing, turning your neck suddenly, sleeping in an awkward position, moving to pick something up or even reaching for something that’s tricky to get to – are just a few examples of simple things you can do everyday to put a muscle out.
And believe me when I say, when you pull a muscle, usually you’ll know it right away.
What Are The Common Symptoms Of A Pulled Muscle?You might experience a sudden onset of pain, soreness, bruising, stiffness, swelling, a limited range of movement, muscle spasms…
And that’s just a few of the symptoms!
So what do you do when you pull a muscle?…
Do you use ice or heat? Do you rest, or keep moving? Do you get a therapist to take a look?
If the muscle pull is severe – the kind that really does stop you from walking, or turning your neck at all… Then you should immediately see someone. Don’t mess around with severe injuries and try to treat them at home yourself, or it might last longer!
The advice I’m about to give you is for a mild muscle strain – the kind where you can still move, but you know you’ve done something. As always, use your best judgment – go and seek help if you’re in any doubt whatsoever.
Ok, so you’ve pulled a muscle – what should you do?
I’m going to break this down so you know what to do at all stages when you’ve pulled a muscle so you can get back to 100% as quickly as possible.
As soon as you know you’ve pulled a muscle – I recommend you use the tried and tested ‘RICE’ method.
What Do You Do When You Pull A Muscle?Note that this is a treatment protocol recommended to do in the first 24 hours of a muscle strain…
So, “R” – this stands for “Rest”.
The first thing you need to do is stop doing whatever you did that pulled your muscle in the first place. I can’t tell you how many times we’ve seen people injure themselves, especially when doing a physical activity, and decide to go ahead and push through it – That is guaranteed to always make your injury worse.
Next step – “Ice”.
A lot of people ask – “When do I use ice, and when do I use heat?”…
Well, the sooner you apply ice, the better! Ice the injured area for 20 minutes on, 20 minutes off, and do this up to 3 times.
Ice provides pain relief and helps minimize swelling. Which is the primary purpose of ice – to reduce swelling.
It’s best to think of ice as a pain-reliever.
But don’t apply it directly to the skin. Wrap it in a towel and then apply to the area.
Then you move onto “Compression”.
Apply a soft bandage to the area to help support the muscle and reduce the swelling. Make sure not to wrap the area too tightly or you will restrict blood flow to the area.
Next for the ‘E’ – “Elevation”. If possible, try to keep the injured muscle elevated, above the level of your heart. This will help reduce swelling. Though I know this isn’t always possible in some cases, so don’t worry about this one too much.
As a general rule, after doing the above method for a day, try to get moving as soon as possible. Even as soon as the next day. I’m only talking about very gentle movements that don’t cause pain. If anything you’re doing causes pain – stop immediately.
So here’s my tip for you today: You don’t always need to rush off to a pharmacy and buy a “magic cure” to rub on muscles and joints or take painkillers.
There is NEARLY ALWAYS a natural solution out there waiting for you.
Second… if you’ve pulled a muscle, try this “RICE” method first.
Although these aren’t guaranteed fixes, they can help to ease all of them and are a good place to start. If you are still experiencing discomfort after trying these options, it is time to see a movement expert. We are certainly here and happy to help you with options to help!
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We help active adults get back to exercising, feeling fit, and participating in the activities they love without medications, injections, or surgery.
Catherine Courtney, PT
Specialist Physical Therapist